Ark in the Arctic
Millions of seeds have taken refuge in the newly constructed Global Seed Vault. The project—a sort of Noah’s Ark for the 21st century—is located within a sub-zero mountainside near Longyearbyen, in Norway’s remote Svalbard Islands, roughly 620 miles from the North Pole.
The Global Crop Diversity Trust helps run the vault and is accepting seeds from around the world in an effort to protect global crop diversity from day-to-day agricultural losses, as well as potential catastrophes and the less sensational (but no less damaging) effects of poor crop management.
Food staples such as maize, rice, wheat, cowpea and sorghum were in the first shipment, along with types of eggplant, lettuce, barley and potato seeds.
Though there are already about 1,400 seed banks around the world, many of them “can be affected by shutdowns, natural disasters, war or simply a lack of money,” Norwegian Agriculture Minister Terje Riis-Johansen said in a statement.
The high-security, “fail-safe” facility in the Arctic is designed to secure the seeds for centuries or longer. In the worst-case scenarios of global warming, the GCDT says the seeds will remain naturally frozen for up to 200 years.