Bagua what?

Chico martial artist and writer Kent Howard spreads word of the ‘internal’ martial art, bagua zhang

READ AND REACT <br> Kent Howard goes through the flowing, intuitive movements of bagua zhang.

Kent Howard goes through the flowing, intuitive movements of bagua zhang.

Photo courtesy of kent howard

Bagua zhang
For more info visit Kent Howard’s blog at or Chico Kodenkan at 254 E. First St.

When Kent Howard was a farm boy in 1970s Kansas, he thought he might like to be Lilias. People of a certain age may remember Lilias—the leotard-wearing TV yogini who popularized yoga in the ’70s. Something about Lilias’ “serene, self-composed demeanor” spoke to Howard and started him on a lifelong study of Eastern meditative practices, yoga and martial arts. Now Howard wants to popularize the Chinese martial art bagua zhang, and not just to those who reside in Lotusland. Howard aims to make “bagua” the household name that yoga has become.

Howard has just published the first translation of and commentary on a 40-year-old Chinese text on bagua zhang, Bagua Linked Palms, by Master Wang Shujin ($15.95, available at Lyon Books). The book is a transmission of the teachings Howard has studied since 1973. With a B.A. degree in East Asian languages and cultures, Howard is fluent in Mandarin and well-known in the bagua community as a Taoist, martial artist, teacher, writer and translator. In fact, he has become a modern Lilias, beaming bagua to a large, international audience via YouTube ( He now lives with his family in Chico, after studying in Taiwan and Hawaii for 36 years.

When Howard left the family farm in Kansas in 1973, he says, “I wanted to learn Chinese kung fu. I had no idea how to go about that, but I knew there were a lot of Chinese martial artists in Honolulu.” Off he went, with the blind faith of the young. Within months, watching a friend demonstrate bagua zhang, he was smitten.

After traveling to Taiwan on a Taiwanese grant to study Chinese in 1981, he neglected to return for 10 years, eventually marrying a Taiwanese woman and working as a director of English-language schools. During those years, he says, “I studied with a lot of very good masters, and I learned a great deal, but I never got to the core until I studied with Huang Jinsheng,” the teacher to whom his book is dedicated.

Photo By

Bagua zhang is low-impact, aerobic and mentally challenging—a practice for modern times, Howard believes.

Despite the popularization of Chinese kung fu (martial arts), such as tai chi chuan, very few Americans have heard of bagua zhang. Discussing its origins, Howard explains that bagua was first taught to the Chinese public in the late-19th century, but its roots run millennia deep in China, where it likely originated as “a monastic form of walking meditation, associated with Taoist and shamanic healing and longevity teachings.” Philosophically, bagua zhang (literally: eight symbol palm) is based on the eight symbols of the Chinese shamanic classic, the I Ching, or Book of Changes.

While expert discussion abounds on the philosophical underpinnings, Howard remarks, “Students shouldn’t get caught up in the symbols or breathing or form. The fundamental concept is intuitive change, how one manifestation flows into the next, naturally and without conscious thought. After years of study, you become the form.”

A beautiful and confusing martial art to watch and to learn, bagua zhang employs movements that spiral and spin around the opponent or practice partner. “You match and fuse with your partner’s center,” Howard explains.

He adds that two principles are unique to this art: “There is no offensive action—every movement is a reaction to your partner. And you never make a fist.”

As an “internal” style, it emphasizes relaxation in motion, development of the mind through meditation, flexibility and movements that originate from the center of the body. Using flowing movements, an adept practitioner shifts seamlessly. The bagua fighter employs unpredictable direction changes, agile and evasive footwork and a minimal use of force.

“I’ve studied this for 36 years. Now I have time to focus on teaching and writing. I’d like to leave something behind. Bagua is not a bizarre art. In China, you see people practicing in the parks, many in their 80s or older, even Chinese rednecks! It improves longevity, physical and mental well-being, and it can be used for self-defense. There’s something in it for everybody.”