Invoking the plein-air painters—those artists who work outdoors to capture the flux of atmosphere and natural light—might make you think of a comfortable landscape to go over your mother’s couch. But William Ishmael’s plein-air work notably expands that realm. Not only has he worked among the elements in Wabi-Sabi, through October 6 at the 2237 Gallery (2237 Douglas Boulevard in Roseville), but also he’s let the elements do some of the work. Using water-based latex and American River sand, sometimes leaving pieces out for days in this valley heat or in fog, Ishmael creates highly tactile visions. Winter rains spot through the paint to expose naked canvas. Summer heat cracks the sandy latex as it would the desert ground. But no matter what season it suggests, Ishmael’s work always reflects his fascination with how the elements erode. For more information, call (916) 786-8178.